Interior Design Glossary

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TermDefinition
Candlepower

Candlepower – Is the unit of luminous intensity approximately equal to the horizontal light output from an ordinary wax candle.

Capital

Capital – The top component of a column.

Casement Window

Casement Window – A tall, narrow window that opens by swinging outward from the side.

Casing

Casing – The type of molding found around openings such as windows or doors. Casing hides the seam between the structure and the adjoining wall.

Casting

Casting – The process of pouring molten metal or glass, clay slip, etc. into a hollow mold to harden. Some casting processes permit more than one reproduction.

Caulk

Caulk – To fill a joint with resilient mastic.

Celadon

Celadon – French name for a green, gray-green, blue-green, or gray glaze produced with a small percentage of iron as the colorant.

Celadon

Celadon – French name for a green, gray-green, blue-green, or gray glaze produced with a small percentage of iron as the colorant.

Ceramics

Ceramics – The art and science of forming objects from earth materials containing or combined with silica; the objects are then heated to at least 1300F to harden.

Chair Rail

Chair Rail – A molding that normally falls at a height of three to four feet and bands an entire room. Originally incorporated for wall protection, chair rails are now used primarily for decoration, to cap wainscoting, or as a divider between different wall treatments.

Chasing

Chasing - A technique in which steel punches are used to decorate and/or texture of metal surface.

Chasing

Chasing - A technique in which steel punches are used to decorate and/or texture of metal surface.

Check

Check – A lengthwise separation of a wood board that extends across the annual growth rings.

Chi

Chi – The life force or essential energy of the universe. Chi can be either auspicious or inauspicious.

China Paint

China Paint – A low-temperature overglaze fired onto previously glazed and fired ceramic.

Chinking

Chinking – The weatherproofing material placed between logs in a log home.

Clastic

Clastic – Sediments formed from the breaking up of earlier rocks.

Cleavage

Cleavage – The tendency of some rocks to split or break along smooth planes that are more or less parallel.

Closed-Grain

Closed-Grain – A wood that exhibits narrow, inconspicuous, annual growth rings is considered closed-grain. Examples are cherry and maple.

Column

Column – A rounded vertical structural element. Can be functional or decorative.

Columnar Jointing

Columnar Jointing – In igneous rocks, a regular six-sided form of jointing that produces regularly shaped pillars or columns.

COM (Customer’s Own Material)

COM (Customer’s Own Material) – When a designer uses a fabric on a special-ordered upholstered furniture item other than of the fabrics available from the furniture manufactured.

Composite

Composite – One of the architectural orders. The composite column was the result of combining both the Ionic and Corinthian columns.

Conglomerate

Conglomerate – A rock composed of rounded fragments, anything from a few millimeters to several centimeters in diameter.

Conifer

Conifer – A softwood tree type, with needles and cones rather than flat, broad leaves.

Contrast

Contrast – The difference in illumination level between one point and nearby points.

Convection Oven

Convection Oven – Heated air flows around the food.

Conventional Oven

Conventional Oven – Food is cooked by radiation.

Corbel

Corbel – A decorative bracket carved from wood; used under shelving, vent hoods, countertop overhangs, and mantel shelves.

Corinthian

Corinthian – The Corinthian column, featuring acanthus leaves on its capital, is the most ornate of the architectural orders.

Cornice

Cornice – The top horizontal band of an entablature, found above the frieze.

Cost Plus Percentage Mark-Up

Cost Plus Percentage Mark-Up – A design fee method that allows the design firm to add a specific percentage to the net cost of the merchandise being purchased by the client.

Cost Price

Cost Price – The price that the designer must pay for the goods.

Cost Price

Cost Price – The price that the designer must pay for the goods.

Country-rock

Country-rock – The rock or rocks into which an igneous intrusion is placed.

Coving

Coving – Angled sides of firebox.

Critical Path Method (CPM)

Critical Path Method (CPM) – A preparation method that begins by identifying the interrelationships of the tasks to be performed. This study shows the designer, which tasks must be completed before the next or other tasks can be performed, thus establishing the vital path.

Crown Molding

Crown Molding – A decorative molding used at the juncture of the wall and ceiling; it can be flat or sprung, plain or complex.

Crystallized

Crystallized – The stone forms into crystals.

Cure

Cure – Maintaining the humidity and temperature of freshly poured concrete for a period of time to keep water present so the concrete hydrates or hardens properly.

Curtains

Curtains – Like draperies, curtains use fabric, but they are usually hung with in the window frame and close to the glass.

Custom Grade

Custom Grade – Is the most common grade and still produced a high-quality job.

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